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Entertainment Media Analysis Report
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(2011), PG-13 [R-13*] (1hr 26.2min)

Final Score
Analysis Date
Date Posted
Influence Density
July 26, 2011
July 27, 2011

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(While the Scriptural references are certainly not subjective, my commentary may be and sometimes is somewhat subjective.)

If Scriptural references appear, the full text appears at the end of the Summary / Commentary.

(2011), PG-13 [R-13*]

Production (US): Vendome Pictures, The Mark Gordon Company
Distribution (US): Summit Home Entertainment
Director(s): Duncan Jones
Producer(s): Jeb Brody, Stuart Fenegan, Fabrice Gianfermi, Mark Gordon, Hawk Koch, Sarah Platt, Philippe, Tracy Underwood, Jordan Wynn
Written by: Ben Riley
Cinematography/Camera: Don Burgess
Music: Chris Bacon
Film Editing: Paul Hirsch
Production Design: Barry Chusid
Art Direction: Pierre Perrault
Viewed on Summit Home Entertainment DVD

If the filmmakers had left out just a few cuss words or one of the images of being incinerated or something else as intense, Source Code would have earned a true PG-13 equivalent final score. But, as it is it earned a R-equivalent score of 49, this it is a R-13.

After as few moments of some dazzling aerial shots of Chitown we meet US Army helicopter pilot Captain Colter Stevens (Jake Gyllenhaal) dozing in a seat on a commuter train bound for Chicago.

Colter wakes with a startle but soon we hear the soothing and melodic voice of Christina Warren (Michelle Monaghan) setting in the seat opposite him. Christina tells Colter ... or Sean as she calls him ... that she took his advice and dumped her boyfriend. Though Christina talks as though she knows Colter very well, he has no idea who she is. Colter Stevens or Sean Fentress, which he is we canot know from what we are given. Yet. As Colter looks out the window he even notices the flash reflections are of someone else. To complicate matters even more, it is someone else who looks back at Colter from the mirror in the bathroom. Even his driver's license says he is Sean Fentress and has a photo of someone who is not himself. So, now we are all confused. After Christina tries to settle Colter's agitation with "Everything's gonna be okay", everyone is incinerated by a bomb on the train.

In seconds Colter is in a capsule at the Beleagured Castle facility speaking by electronics to Captain Colleen Goodwin (Vera Farmiga). At least there he is known as Captain Colter Stevens. Colter reports that he was flying on a mission then he was on a train and now he is at Beleagured Castle.

That is about the first eight minutes of the DVD. I will not spoil any more of it should you decide the content we reveal is fit for your family. Once again, we tell you the truth about the content of popular entertainment: truth the MPAA, advertisers, promoters, producers, etc. can't or won't tell you so that you might be in a better position to make an informed moral decision on your own whether a film is fit. And we give you copyrighted mathematically consistent comparative scoring tools useful for determining the relative morality content that no one else may or can give you -- the Findings/Scoring section. All of it built on God's Word.

Wanton Violence/Crime (W) - Zero out of 100
The violence content of this film projects in several ways including massive explosions killing all aboard a commuter train (repeatedly), image of being hit by a train, images of being incinerated, a mutilated body, assault and more.

God advises us against violence in many ways in many verses throughout the Bible. In one of His verses, Proverb 16:29, He warns that violence can be "catching." And man has plagiarized God's Word about violence by four professional public health agencies reporting that

  • Children who see a lot of violence are more likely to view violence as an effective way of settling conflicts. Children exposed to violence are more likely to assume the acts of violence are acceptable behavior.
  • Viewing violence can lead to emotional desensitization towards violence in real life. It can decease the likelihood that one will take action on behalf of a victim when violence occurs.
  • Entertainment violence feeds a perception that the world is a violent and mean place. Viewing violence increases fear of becoming a victim of violence, with a resultant increase in self-protective behavior and a mistrust of others.
  • Viewing violence may lead to real life violence. Children exposed to violent programming at a young age have a higher tendency for violent and aggressive behavior later in life than children who are not so exposed.

    But does anyone listen to these public health professionals? To God?

    Impudence/Hate (I) - 7 out of 100
    Seventeen times someone utters profanity. [Eph. 5:4, Eph. 4:29] Commuters are rude on the train. And lying did not help the score in this investigation area.

    Sexual Immorality (S) - 77 out of 100
    Source Code seems strangely tame about sexually immoral behaviors and demonstrations for a PG-13. No one got into bed with anyone and nobody took their clothes off. The only normally hidden skin seen was that of women wearing very short skirts/dresses, repeatedly. The gist of the content applicable to this investigation area included sexual harassment, gamming (the display of women's upper backside of their thighs such as when sitting in a short skirt/dress with the legs crossed), sexual joking [Eph. 5:4] and the very short skirts/dresses on women. [1 Tim. 2:9]

    Drugs/Alcohol (D) - 100 out of 100
    This movie is also strange in that if a movie is PG-13 there is usually drinking, smoking and/or illegal drugs portrayed in it. There are no such occurrences in this film. None that I could find.

    Offense to God (O) - 11 out of 100
    Four times someone abuses God's name with the four letter expletive and two times without it. With or without the four letter expletive, the use of God's name in any way other than with respect and reverence, in praise, in prayer or in responsible discussion is in vain. God will not hold s/he who abuses His name guiltless. [Deut. 5:11] Further, God has told us that no man can know the future. [Eccl. 8:7] Though the script denies the source code is any form of time travel, it portrayed foretelling the future and manipulating the past.

    Murder/Suicide (M) - 85 out of 100
    There were two gunfire murders. One of Colter and one of Christine. Though one might argue that since Colter's code is simply refreshed after he is killed (he was "killed" six times) that he was not murdered, his body was portrayed as stopping two bullets from an assailant's gun. It was an act of murder.


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  • Prov. 16:29 A violent man enticeth his neighbour, and leadeth him into the way that is not good. [The issue is the violence, the 'way that is not good' no matter how "small" or "justified" the violence might seem, and its "leading" effect on the observer. "A violent man" can be any character of any age, any gender, human or not in the act of committing (demonstrating in the case of entertainment) violent behavior/action whether for good or evil OR the violent behaviors/actions themselves. Such exposure can and does embolden the viewer into aggression, especially youth. It took years for the American professional health community to finally affirm, probably without knowing it, that which God told us in 1 Cor. 15:33 below. See also Joint Statement on the Impact of Entertainment Violence on Children: Congressional Public Health Summit for more information. Further, God speaks darkly of violence 56 times in the Old and New Testament of the KJV.]
  • Eph. 5:4 Nor should there be obscenity, foolish talk or coarse joking, which are out of place, but rather thanksgiving.
  • Eph. 4:29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
  • 1 Tim. 2:9 I also want women to dress modestly, ... [And what is fair for the goose is fair for the gander.]
  • Deut. 5:11 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain. [Vain is shav {shawv}: emptiness, nothingness, vanity, such as an expletive. With or without the four letter expletive, the use of God's name in any way other than respect, reverence or responsible discussion and in praise and prayer is in vain. That includes the popular three syllable sentence with His name trailing it AND the misuse of Jesus' name or title. So, trying to excuse such expressions with "I was talking TO God/Jesus when I said that" or It's just words" or "I was acting" will not work with Him. Nor will "Everybody says that" excuse the sin of using His name in vain. If everyone on the planet who has ever drawn a breath used His name in vain, it would still be a sin to do so. If no one ever did, it would still be a sin to do so. Whether we believe it or not. Whether we like it or not. Whether we care or not.]
  • Eccl. 8:7 Since no man knows the future, who can tell him what is to come?

    ***Selected Scriptures of Armour against the influence of the entertainment industry***
  • Jer. 37:9 This is what the LORD says: Do not deceive yourselves, thinking, 'The Babylonians [the destroyers from within] will surely leave us.' They will not!
  • Ps. 12:8 The wicked freely strut about [e.g., create progressively vile/offensive entertainment with impunity and no consequences and present it to younger and younger audiences every year] when what is vile is honored among men [when enough people continue to defend it, embrace it, enjoy it, want it, submit to it. I call attention to Ps. 12:8 to warn of the creeping desensitizing power of "entertainment."]
  • Col. 2:8 Beware lest any man [by his influence] spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
  • 1 Cor. 15:33 Be not deceived: evil [kakov: of a bad nature, not such as it ought to be] communications corrupt good manners.
  • Rom. 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
  • Jude 1:4 For there are certain men* crept in unawares [secretly slipped in among us], who were before of old ordained to this condemnation [whose condemnation was written about long ago], ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness [a license for immorality], and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. [*men: anthropos {anth'-ro-pos}, generic, a human being, whether male or female]
  • Matt. 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.
  • Luke 17:2 It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones. [Offend: skandalizo {skan-dal-id'-zo} - scandalize; to entice to sin; to cause a person to begin to distrust and desert one whom he ought to trust and obey; to cause to fall away.]
  • Ps. 119:133 Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me [let no sin rule over me].
  • John 14:15 If ye love me, keep my commandments.
  • 1 Thess. 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil. ["Evil" includes all things that are sinful.]


    As always, it is best to refer to the Findings/Scoring section -- the heart of the CAP analysis model -- for the most complete assessment possible of this movie.
    (The objective heart of the CAP Analysis Model, independent of and insulated from the Summary / Commentary section.)

    Source Code (2011) CAP Thermometers

    Wanton Violence/Crime (W) - Zero out of 100
  • seeing someone else in the mirror
  • massive explosion aboard a train, expanding through the cars with burn gore and derailment, repeatedly
  • assault, repeatedly
  • massive explosion in the distance, repeatedly
  • imagery of being hit by a speeding train
  • equipment failure causing entrapment
  • breaking and entering, repeatedly
  • images of being incinerated, repeatedly
  • man jumped off moving train with injuries
  • firearm to the face, twice
  • surgical gore
  • mutilated body

    Impudence/Hate (I) - 7 out of 100
  • 17 uses of profanity
  • rudeness in the confines of a moving train
  • lie

    Sexual Immorality (S) - 77 out of 100
  • sexual harassment
  • gamming
  • sexual joking
  • very short dress, repeatedly

    Drugs/Alcohol (D) - 100 out of 100
  • none noted

    Offense to God (O) - 11 out of 100
  • 3 uses of God's name in vain with the four letter expletive and two without
  • reliving moments and events of one's life, repeatedly

    Murder/Suicide (M) - 85 out of 100
  • two gunfire murders

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    There are some in the entertainment industry who maintain that 1) violent programming is harmless because no studies exist that prove a connection between violent entertainment and aggressive behavior in children, and 2) young people know that television, movies, and video games are simply fantasy. Unfortunately, they are wrong on both accounts." And "Viewing violence may lead to real life violence." I applaud these associations for fortifying 1 Cor. 15:33. Read the rest of the story. From our years of study, I contend that other aberrant behaviors, attitudes, and expressions can be inserted in place of "violence" in that statement. Our Director - Child Psychology Support, a licensed psychologist and certified school psychologist concurs. For example, "Viewing arrogance against fair authority may lead to your kids defying you in real life." Or "Viewing sex may lead to sex in real life." Likewise and especially with impudence, hate and foul language. I further contend that any positive behavior can be inserted in place of "violence" with the same chance or likelihood of being a behavior template for the observer; of being incorporated into the behavior mechanics and/or coping skills of the observer. In choosing your entertainment, please consider carefully the "rest of the story" and our findings.

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    * CAP Equivalence to MPAA Rating Scale:
    Please note our new manner of indicating a film's Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) rating in comparison with the CAP equivalence such as "PG-13 [R-13]." The first term is the Motion Picture Association of America's (MPAA) rating. The second term [in brackets] indicates that which the film earned under the CAP analysis model. In the example, "PG-13 [R-13]" indicates the MPAA rated the film PG-13 but the film earned a CAP final score in the scoring range earned by R-rated movies in the comparative baseline database. Other comparative terms used might be "PG [13-PG]", "G [PG-G] or even 'PG-13 [PG]" as was the case for Alien vs Predator. I doubt there will ever be a "G [R]" used, but only time will tell. The CAP analysis model is Rock-solid. The MPAA is not.

    The current CAP to MPAA** nomenclature is:

    For G rated Films with
    G equivalence: G
    PG equivalence: PG-G
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-G
    R equivalence: R-G<
    For PG rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-PG
    PG equivalence: PG
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-PG
    R equivalence: R-PG
    For PG-13 rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-13
    PG equivalence: PG(13)
    PG-13 equivalence: PG-13
    R equivalence: R-13
    For R rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-R
    PG equivalence: PG-R
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-R
    R equivalence: R
    For NR rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-NR
    PG equivalence: PG-NR
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-NR
    R equivalence: R-NR
    ** G, PG, PG-13 and R are registered trademarks of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).

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